Light emitting diodKind LED Full Spectrumes, or LED’s, are commonly used to grow flowering and fruit bearing plants indoors, and has been found to be a very successful substitute for natural sunlight. LED lights are a good substitution to natural sunlight because they simulate the full spectrum of the suns natural light with a stronger focus on red and blue light.While most plants cannot survive under red light alone, the combination of red and blue does prove to be a suitable spectrum combination for them to thrive in. Red and blue wavelengths help to encourage the bloom and germination stages of a plants development. LED lights use much less energy than other grow light options and omit very little heat and UV light, allowing them to be placed closer to the plants without the need for heavy ventilation like traditional reflector and HPS setups. LED lights are compact and the absence of ventilation makes them very easy to move around if necessary.
Having an LED that successfully emits the correct combination of wavelengths is important because plants derive their nutrients and food from a process called photosynthesis, which is normally completed outside with the suns rays contacting the plants chloroplasts to begin the process. Some plants require different amounts of LED light and periods of darkness for this process to be successful, but with a LED light that emits red, green, and blue light wavelengths, the process is much more likely to proceed as it would organically in nature. The ability to control the duration of light given to plants allows you to give your plants the exact amount of light they need. Every grower finds a process and timing that works best for them.
LED lights are a convenient alternative to growing outdoors, and allow you to grow crops year round, even during winter months when sunlight hours are fewer. They are cheaper to run than other grow light alternatives. Compared to a standard HPS light and fixture you can expect to spend about 75% less in energy costs per month. LED lights are rated to last around 100,000 hours compared to HPS lights which are rated to last around 10,000 hours. Between the minimal energy usage and long lifespan you will have a quick ROI.